An in depth analysis of how the labor market changed during the economic crisis. A comparative study of Eu Member States and Italian regions to better comprehend to real extent of what happened in the past years. Unemployment, employment, workplace safety, women and youth.
Crisis. The consequences of the economic and financial crisis that hit Europe between 2007 and 2008 affected various aspects of our society, from the instability of markets, to the growth of public debt and the ongoing occupational emergency. During the past 8 years, the tangible increase in problems represented a hard hit for european society that eventually brought many to reconsider the political decisions and even the institutions of the European Union.
Effects. What emerges from this research are the heterogenous effects produced on the different Member States of the European Union. For example, in a situation of general european downfall, Sweden managed to keep its employed workforce stable, maintaining its european leadership in employment rate. And again, while the average unemployment rate in European increased by 41,67%, during the same period of time in Germany it decreased by 41,18%.
Europe. In some ways, Europe is becoming more and more divide in two. An example of this can be the case of unemployment. The gap between the lowest level of unemployment and the highest went from being 7,4 in 2007 to 21,5 in 2013. And again, youth unemployment in Greece reached 58,3% in 2013, while in Germany to percentage was simply 7,8%.
Italy. The crisis was particularly detrimental for our country. In fact, Italy became the country with the highest percentage of people aged 15-24 that are not in training, education or employment, going from 16,2% of 2007 to 22,2% of 2013. At the same time, the pay gap between men and women increased by 43%.
Regions. Differently from Europe, where countries like Germany considerably improved their situation in most macroeconomic indicators, all Italian regions experienced a catastrophic period. Excluding the special Provinces Bolzano and Trento, there was a general negative trend in Italy. The south was the worst for losses in absolute terms, the north-east was the worst considering percent variations.
MiniDossier. “When it rains, it pours” is the fifth number of a series of publication called “MiniDossier”. Through a data journalism approach its goal is to verify, analyze and compare data from different official sources in order to suggest different point of views and tell different stories. To contribute and help this research, it is fundamental to support openpolis through our membership campaign.
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